Have you been caught in the free e-cigarette fraud that is going around? If you have, don’t feel alone. Remember the old adage: if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. There are numerous e-cig companies advertising on the Internet, many with names that sound similar to www.ecigarettedirect.co.uk and www.eliquid.co.uk. Don’t be fooled and get caught in any free electronic cigarette trial advertisements that may sound like these two companies.
Don’t let any free electronic cigarette trial fraud cloud your judgment as to the veracity of a good company and their refill products. Once you try a decent company, you will know the difference!
Electronic cigarettes first appeared on the market in the 21st Century, but their origins can be traced back nearly half a century.
Electronic cigarettes constructed from Lik’s original design contained three distinct components: a cartridge, an atomiser and a power supply. Many electronic cigarettes were designed to mimic tobacco based cigarettes. Others were built to resemble ballpoint pens. Some e-cigarette models come with replaceable parts or liquid refills and are reusable. Other types of e-cigarettes are disposable.
All electronic cigarettes use an e-liquid to produce a mist that possesses many qualities similar to tobacco smoke without the unpleasant odor. E-liquids come in hundreds of distinct flavors and are produced with many of the same ingredients Lik used in his initial mixture.
Long term health effects of electronic cigarettes are inconclusive and it has been subject to heated debate ever since e-cigarettes were introduced to the international market.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a press release on their official website in July, 2009 warning against using electronic cigarettes because they contained carcinogens – official FDA tests did find one type of carcinogen but at levels thousands of times lower than those found in regular cigarettes. FDA attempts to have the device banned were defeated in court three times, with judges saying that the FDA had failed to prove the device was harmful.
The World Health Organization rejected the idea of accepting electronic cigarettes as an aid to halt smoking in an official statement posted on its website on September, 2008. The WHO urged e-cigarette marketers to not sell their product as a method to quit smoking, saying no scientific evidence supported such claims.
The consensus among tobacco harm reduction experts is that electronic cigarettes is around 98-99% safer than cigarettes, with a risk level roughly the same as that of a cup of coffee.
An e-cigarette is a pretty simple device. While there are a few different types of e-cigarettes, the basic workings are similar. Every e-cig has three main parts: the atomizer (sometimes contained within the cartridge or ‘cartomizer’), the cartridge and the battery. (See e-liquid terminology for more information.)
Some electronic cigarettes have an on/off switch, and some do not have a switch. It depends on the type. That’s because e-liquid doesn’t usually work well with an automatic battery. After turning the e-cigarette on, the atomizer ignites when the user puffs on the e-cig.
The atomizer consists of two parts: a wick and a filament. The metal wick touches the e-liquid inside the cartridge. That makes a small bead of nicotine solution flow down to the heating element or filament. The filament is a tightly coiled, high-resistance wire that heats instantly and vaporizes the nicotine solution on the wick. That vapor is sucked back through the electronic cigarette into the smoker’s lungs. As the e-liquid is vaporized, more nicotine solution flows down the wick to be vaporized. The process continues until the reservoir filling is dry.
Adapter: a specialized piece of equipment allowing the use of atomizers and batteries that are not designed to be used together.
Battery: (Bat) the electronic, rechargeable, device used as an energy source to provide the heat vaporize the E-juice in the atomizer.
Cartomizer: An e-cig part which combines the cartridge and atomizer into one piece of equipment
Cartridge: a part of an e-cig which holds the e-juice which has not yet been vaporized. It is generally filled with absorbent material.
Draw: (Pull) the act of drawing the vaporized e-juice from the e-cig.
Dripping: Dripping e-juice directly into the atomizer, said to improve flavor and throat hit when compared with the use of a cartridge. See How to refill an electronic cigarette.
Drip Tip: A mouth piece specially designed for dripping
E-Cig: (Electronic cigarette, personal vaporizer, smokeless cigarette) terms referring to the device(s) used for vaping
E-liquid: (e-juice, juice, liquid) the fluid that is vaporized and provides the vapor from the e-cig. E-liquid generally contains various amounts of nicotine, distilled water, natural and/or artificial flavoring, food grade glycerol and either Vegetable Glycerin (VG) or Propylene Glycol (PG)
Flooding: occurs when too much e-liquid has gotten into the atomizer, impeding the necessary airflow, which decreases or prohibits vapor production and may influence flavor.
mHa: refers to the capacity of the battery.
Mod: Modification made to improve function of e-cigs. Often used to increase vapor production, flavor and throat hit.
Nicotine Level: the amount of nicotine contained in the E-juice. This is measured in Mg/ml.
Passthrough/Passthru: a device that allows an E-Cig to be connected to any USB port, letting the user vape continuously without using up charged batteries.
PCC: (Personal Charging Device) a carrying case which charges E-Cig batteries on the go. Often include space to carry one or two extra batteries, extra cartridges and some extra E-juice.
PG: (Propylene Glycol) E-juice base liquid comprised mostly of propylene glycol. Some have reported a sore throat with the use of PG fluids. In such cases a switch to VG based e-juice often solves the problem.
Throat Hit: The sensation of the vapor hitting the back of the throat while vaping.
Vaping: The act of using an electronic cigarette, similar to the use of the word smoking when referring to smoking cigarettes.
VG: refers to Vegetable Glycerin based e-fluids.
The benefits of switching from tobacco cigarettes to e-cigarettes appear significant. While there are no studies of long-term benefits, research suggests promising results. The immediate benefits of switching to e-cigarettes correspond with those of altogether quitting tobacco.
Users who switched to e-cigarettes reported a drastic decrease in smoker’s cough. Smoking tobacco cigarettes paralyses the cilia in lungs. The cilia begin moving again with the elimination of tobacco. The cough worsens as the cilia work to remove residual mucus. Coughing then dissipates as the lungs clear.
The process that eliminates the cough also improves breathing. Longer, deeper breaths replace the shallow breaths common in tobacco smokers. The increased oxygen level from improved breathing might cause dizziness for a short period.
Breathing also eases as sinuses clear. The continual stuffed nose disappears and the ability to smell understated odors reappears. Improved sense of taste returns with improved sense of smell.
Superficially, the smell of stale smoke no longer permeates hair and clothing. Yellow stains gradually disappear from fingers and teeth. These noticeable benefits affected all who switched to e-cigarettes.
The immediate benefits indicate a switch from tobacco cigarettes results in less future risk. There are no long-term studies of risks and benefits as e-cigarettes are a new product. Michael Siegel, a professor and a doctor, supports the reduction of tobacco harm. In one interview, Professor stated that e-cigarettes are “…substantially safer than the conventional cigarette. Inhaling nicotine cannot be nearly as dangerous as inhaling nicotine plus thousands of other chemicals, including more than 40 carcinogens.”
The belief of Professor Siegel and others does not negate the need for long-term studies. They simply point out the consensus that exposure to fewer chemicals results in less risk. Further studies will likely validate this belief.
Some organizations are not taking a stand on the benefit of one product over the other due to the lack of long-term studies. However, research by independent entities provides compelling evidence that switching from tobacco cigarettes to e-cigarettes provides conclusive, immediate benefits. The benefits already experience by those who have switched are indicative of greater future benefits.read more
If you’re looking into buying your first electronic cigarette, you’re probably a little puzzled by the different types. While there are several styles to choose from, there are really only three basic types of electronic cigarettes: the single-piece disposable, the two-piece and the three-piece. Each type has its pros and cons.
Single-Piece Electronic Cigarettes
Most beginners start with the inexpensive, single piece, disposable e-cigarette. If you’re new to e-cigs and uncertain if they’ll work for you, this might be a good option.
Disposable electronic cigarettes and cigars use a pre-charged battery with a non-refillable nicotine cartridge. One-piece e-cigs have to be activated to work. Usually you twist the mouthpiece or push it in to connect the battery by breaking the foil seal. The disposable electronic cigars last longer than the e-cigarettes because they have a larger nicotine reservoir and hold more e-liquid. Electronic cigarettes are meant to be small and portable. They are more realistic for the user to enjoy. Most disposables are of the single-piece variety, although some have a two- or three-piece design with a refillable or replaceable nicotine cartridge and a battery that cannot be recharged.
Two-Piece Electronic Cigarettes
With two-piece e-cigs, the nicotine cartridge contains the atomizer. The atomizer is replaced every time you swap cartridges. Most batteries and atomizers need to be replaced after 6 to 12 weeks of use. It’s easy for a new user to damage the atomizer and render the unit useless.
The best aspect of the two-piece design is that you get a fresh atomizer with each nicotine cartridge replacement. You can also swap out cartridges easily to change the strength or flavor of the vapor. All you do is unscrew the cartridge and screw on a new one. Since you use a new atomizer with each cartridge, the flavors don’t mingle when you switch them. The bad part is that the cartridges cannot be refilled easily since they contain the atomizer. The user can also get an occasional bad cartridge that doesn’t work properly.
Three-Piece Electronic Cigarettes
Three-piece e-cigs contain a nicotine cartridge, a battery and an atomizer. The atomizer screws onto the battery and the cartridge is then screwed or pushed into place behind the atomizer. The obvious benefit to the three-piece e-cig is that the nicotine cartridge can be refilled easily and quickly by simply removing it from the atomizer. The only drawback to the three-piece design is that atomizers need to be replaced when they wear out after about two months.read more
There have been ongoing debates and discussions regarding the safety of using electronic cigarettes and the effects of e-liquid. Over the last few years, thousands of smokers have switched to e-cigarettes from conventional, tobacco cigarettes. Many experts believe that e-cigs are a much safer smoking alternative, but skeptics are concerned about additional risks. Experts are still conducting studies and researching the effects of such electronic devices, but many consider them to be tobacco harm reduction tools. The biggest concern comes from the use of e-liquid, which contains varying levels of nicotine and propylene glycol. Several tobacco and health care experts have been interviewed regarding the safety of e-cigarettes versus traditional cigarettes.
When asked to compare smoking tobacco cigarettes with the use of electronic cigarettes, Professor Carl Phillips (see video interview at the bottom of this post) from the TobaccoHarmReduction.org Institute believed that the e-cig was significantly safer.
He, and other experts, refuse to classify e-cigs as safe because this implies that there are no risks whatsoever. However, when looking at the harmful effects of smoking tobacco cigarettes, including the carcinogens, carbon monoxide and chemicals present, it is easy to say that any alternative is safer.
The research performed on e-liquid shows that the levels of carcinogens in e-cigs are thousands of times less than those in regular cigarettes, and that the vapour (as opposed to the juice) contains no carcinogens at all. Some experts believe that this means e-cigs indicate no risk for causing cancer in users.There is some concern about the long-term effects of using electronic cigarettes, and experts agree that more research is required before any definitive claims can be made. The research done on nicotine use so far indicates that this drug poses a very small risk of developing certain cardiovascular diseases. Skeptics of the e-cig are concerned about the propylene glycol present in e-liquid. Dr. Adrian Payne from Tobacco Horizons states, “[...] these concerns seem vastly overplayed when compared to the risks of cigarette smoking.”
The biggest obstacle e-cigarettes face is the lack of regulation in the manufacturing process. Currently, anyone can open up a factory in Asia and start producing e-cigs without proper regulation. Consumers who buy e-cigs from these factories may not know exactly what they are getting in their devices. Professor Riccardo Pilosa, MD, PhD, from the University of Catania shares his thoughts by stating, “any further improvement in their manufacturing standards and ease of use will definitely foster a wider adoption of the e-cig and a steeper reduction in smoking prevalence.”
Electronic cigarettes and the e-liquid used within these devices are relatively new, and researchers are still undergoing vigorous studies to determine the safety and effects of usage. Some skeptics do not believe the e-cigarette to be safer than tobacco cigarettes, and others question the safety of the ingredients found in e-liquid. Professors and research teams are still publishing the results in hopes of addressing some common concerns and answering such questions regarding the effects of electronic cigarettes.
Propylene glycol, or PG, is the main ingredient in many e-liquids and produces the smoke-like vapor. Due to its presence in many foods and aerosols, PG has been studied for over 70 years with no results of harmful effects. E-cigarettes are fairly new, so no studies have been done concerning long-term effects of vaping. So far, no users have reported any short-term risks. Some e-liquids use vegetable glycerin, or VG, rather than PG to produce the desired vapor. VG is commonly used in oral care and as a sugar substitute. Both VG and PG are classified as “generally recognized as safe” based on studies from the last few decades. The difference between PG and VG is user preference. Some electronic cigarette users complain that PG causes discomfort in the throat, and other users report that VG is thicker and decreases the lifespan of atomizers. No matter which type of e-liquid used, there are no significant findings that imply either PG or VG produces harmful effects.
Zachary Cohn and Professor Michael Siegel analyzed the results of many studies performed on e-cigarettes. There are thousands of chemicals in tobacco cigarettes that have yet to be identified, but researchers know exactly what is in e-cigarettes. The chemicals found in tobacco cigarettes are not present in the electronic versions except for trace amounts. These negligible quantities do not pose any health risks to users. Dr. Siegel concluded that “they [e-cigarettes] are undoubtedly safer than tobacco cigarettes.”
Researchers performed studies on smokers going through tobacco abstinence to figure out the most effective replacement therapies. Many symptoms of tobacco abstinence revolve around smoking stimuli and nicotine withdrawal. The studies concluded that smoking stimuli alone, such as puffing on a cigarette-like device, sufficiently suppresses some symptoms. Cessation products that are based solely on nicotine withdrawal have only a seven percent success rate over six months. Numerous smokers have successfully switched to e-cigarettes due to its combination of smoking stimuli and nicotine replacement, even though is not recognized as a cessation aid.read more
If you’re already enjoying e-cigarettes, you might want to save some money by refilling the cartomizer yourself. Preloaded cartridges can get costly in the long run, so learning to refill them is a good habit to adopt. It’s easy to do if you have the right equipment.
With tank systems, depending on how you plan to refill your e-cigarette, you don’t need any tools.
To refill other e-cigarettes, you will need a dripper or syringe to draw the e-liquid from the bottle. You’ll also need a toothpick, tweezer or jeweler’s screwdriver to remove the rubber cap and pad so you can access the filling.
• To refill your e-cig with the drip method, you need to open the cartridge. Then remove the filling with the toothpick or screwdriver. Drip a small amount of e-liquid into the cartomizer. Replace the filling. When the filling has absorbed the e-liquid you dripped into the cart, drip a few more drops onto the filling to fully saturate it. Don’t add too much e-liquid. The filling should be saturated without any e-liquid pooled above it. Then close the cartridge and your e-cigarette is ready for action.
Some vapers prefer to drip without the cartridge, but be careful, as this can lead to a hot atomiser – and burnt lips!
• The injection method of refilling requires an injector or syringe. The syringe’s needle can penetrate the filling, allowing you to directly place the e-liquid into the filling without having to wait for it to be absorbed. First you need to draw out about 5 to 10 ml of e-liquid from the bottle. Then remove the cap and rubber grommet at the back of the cartomizer. Stick the syringe’s needle into the filler material at the upper-most or North position and deposit a small amount of e-liquid. Then repeat this step at the bottom of the filler and on both sides. Once again, be careful not to overfill the cart. You can also use the syringe to add flavor to your e-cigarette. Replace the cap on the end of the cart and wipe it clean if you spilled any e-liquid on the surface.
• With the tank system, refilling your e-cigarette can be as simple as opening the cartridge, squeezing e-liquid directly into the cartridge, replacing the cap and inserting the cartridge into the atomiser.
After you’ve filled your e-cigarette, squirt any leftover e-liquid back into the bottle. Then cleanse the syringe with cool water and enjoy your e-cig.read more
The liquid used in electronic cigarettes, also known as e-liquid, is most commonly composed of nicotine, flavorings and other chemicals in a base of propylene glycol. However, about a fifth of electronic cigarette e-liquids have a base of vegetable glycerine, another liquid chemical. Electronic cigarettes have become a popular cigarette alternative for health-conscious tobacco users, so many users may be concerned about how vegetable glycerine-based e-liquids compare to those based on propylene glycol.
Both propylene glycol and vegetable glycerine have been approved by the FDA for various uses, including as food additives. Both substances have an extremely low toxicity, and have been labeled “generally regarded as safe,” meaning that no toxic effects or serious adverse effects occur at the levels at which these substances are consumed. Very little research has been done for the specific application of these substances in electronic cigarette e-liquid.
Because of vegetable glycerine’s sweetening properties, e-liquids made with this compound may have a different flavor. Some e-cigarette users seem to report sensitivity to propylene glycol, but this does not occur with vegetable glycerine. Propylene glycol-based e-liquids produce less vapor than those based on vegetable glycerine. Glycerine is a thicker substance, so the main downside to the compound is that it may reduce the life of your vaporizer.
Overall, some people may prefer vegetable glycerine-based e-liquids, and others may like the e-liquids based on propylene glycol. Both substances are generally safe and have a similar low risk profile, so choose your e-liquid based on your personal preference.